There are many forms of identities for each country to distinguish one from another. Cambodia also does the same and consists of 7 national symbols for flower, mammal, tree, fruit, fish, reptile and bird.
Giant barb or Trei Kol Raing is the largest species of cyprinid in the world. These migratory fish are found only in the Mae Klong, Mekong, and Chao Phraya river basins in Indochina peninsular. It has declined drastically due to habitat loss and overfishing, and it is now considered critically endangered.
The Koupreys “Grey ox” is a little-known, forest-dwelling, wild bovine species from Southeast Asia. Koupreys is a mammal species identified as a symbol for the Cambodian nation and a rare animal in the world.
The palm tree is a kind of plant that has been widely grown in Cambodia for a long time ago. The palm tree, commonly known as Borassus flabellifer in scientific name and in Khmer called “Tnaot”, is native to the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, including Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Lao, Burma, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines.
Romduol, a small yellowish-white flower, is the national flower of the Kingdom of Cambodia via the proclamation of a royal decree by King Sihamoni of Cambodia in 2005. The Khmer common name is “Romduol” and it has a scientific name “Metralla mesnyi”.
Royal Turtle is a reptile that represents Khmer culture and is also known as "Arn Derk SorSai" or "Arn Derk Loung" in Khmer, as well as the English name Royal Turtle and the scientific name "Batagur Baska". It has white eyes, a straight-up nose-shaped, 60 cm long black or grey shell, and only four toes which differ from the general turtle with five toes as human. Its front legs are big and have contiguous skin similar to duck legs. In ancient times, it had a history protected by a royal decree and was considered as the royal dynasty property in Cambodia.
Giant Ibis (Tror Yorng) is a species of bird that is identified as a symbol for the Cambodian nation. The adults have overall dark grayish-brown plumage, with a naked greyish head, and upper neck. There are dark bands across the back of the head and shoulder area and the pale silvery-grey wing tips also have black crossbars. The beak is yellowish-brown, the legs are orange, and the eyes are dark red. This is the largest of the world’s ibises. Adults are reportedly 102-106 cm long, with an upright standing height of up to 100 cm, and are estimated to weigh about 4.2 kg.